There are specific roles for web developers that I’ll explain below.
The back-end of a website is where the core structure is designed and assembled.
These developers are experts in programming and use complex software languages like Java, SQL, and C# to write code. Users do not see their work because it’s hosted on the web servers and involves coding scripts and databases. Usually they:
- Write code using advanced programming languages like PHP, Java, and SQL
- Are responsible for coding the scripts, database, and server integrations
- Handle the complex functionality on a website
- Are responsible for testing and debugging the features
Basically their job is to create logical, functional websites using various programs and make sure that all features work properly. They also devote a lot of time testing scripts, deploying solutions, and fixing any possible bugs.
- Are responsible for coding the website pages
- Build all user-facing functionality and features
- May specialize in development for a CMS (e.g. WordPress)
In summary, just like a back-end developer, people that are developing the front-end have coding skills but they build frameworks the user can interact with.
A full-stack developer can work across all different layers of a project, including both the front and back end. Usually they:
- Write code using basic and advanced programming languages
- Are responsible for coding everything: front- and back-ends of a site
It is essentially the full package required for web development because they are an expert in all involved areas.
What Skills are required for Designers and Developers?
There’s some overlap between the administrative responsibilities that web designers and developers have, but their job-specific skill sets greatly differ: